An ABD pad is a gauze dressing that absorbs fluid from large or heavily draining wounds. Although these dressings were originally designed to be used on the abdomen, they are suitable for other areas of the body as well.
ABD stands for "army battle dressing." These bandages were developed for soldiers who were wounded during military combat.
ABD pads are made from highly absorbent layers of non-woven material that wicks moisture away from the wound. These abdominal pads have a fluff filler that pulls fluid deep into the dressing to prevent maceration. The sealed edges and backing help eliminate fluid from seeping through the bandage. ABD pads can be used as a primary dressing or a secondary dressing if extra absorption is needed. They are commonly used to dress burns, post-surgery incisions, and other heavily exuding wounds.
ABD pads do not typically have an adhesive border, so they will need to be held in place with a secondary dressing. There are a few options of secondary dressings to choose from, such as a Coban wrap or a gauze bandage. Both of these medical bandages hold dressings in place without the use of adhesive, making them ideal for people with delicate skin or adhesive allergies.